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Tuesday, 24 November 2020 21:15

What is Androgenetic Alopecia/Female Pattern Hair Loss? Featured

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Almost every woman eventually develops some degree of female pattern hair loss (FPHL). It can start any time after the onset of puberty, but women tend to first notice it around menopause, when hair loss typically increases. The risk increases with age, and it's higher for women with a history of hair loss on either side of the family (genetic disposition).                                                                                   

FPHL involves the action of the hormones called androgens, which contribute to the ongoing development of hair growth. The condition may be inherited and involve several different genes. (In some cases It can also result from an underlying endocrine condition, such as overproduction of androgen or an androgen-secreting tumour on the ovary, pituitary, or adrenal gland. In either case, the alopecia is likely related to increased androgen activity).    

FPHL occurs because of a genetically determined shortening of anagen (the growing phase of the hair), and a lengthening of the time between the shedding of a hair and the start of a new anagen phase. This means it takes longer for hair to start growing back after it is shed in the course of the normal growth cycle. The hair follicle itself also changes, shrinking and producing a shorter, thinner hair shaft — a process called ‘follicular miniaturisation’. As a result, thicker, pigmented, longer-lived hairs are replaced by shorter, thinner, non-pigmented hairs - hair density is reduced and the scalp becomes more noticeable.

Hair loss treatment for women

Topical medications are the most common treatment for hair loss in women.

DNA/Genetic testing for specialist prescription - the most complete genetic test for hair loss, analysing genetic factors and other relevant patient characteristics (16 genes and 48 genetic variations related to alopecia)  resulting in a more effective treatment for better results. Included factors for analysis are: prostaglandins metabolism, inflammation, androgenic effect, vasodilation and blood circulation, collagen synthesis, vitamins and minerals metabolism and Insulin-like growth factor metabolism. We strongly advise this form of topical medication, we have many very satisfied patients who are experiencing far more effective results with our bespoke prescription service.

Minoxidil (Regaine). 2% and a 5% solution/foam. Minoxidil - can produce some new growth of fine hair in some women, but it wont promise to fully restore the full density of the lost hair. It's not a quick fix, either -  results often take  at least 3 months. The effect often peaks at around four months, but it could take longer, so plan on a trial of 6-12 months. If minoxidil works for you, you'll need to keep using it to maintain those results. If you stop, you'll start to lose hair again.                                                                                                                   

How to use minoxidil: Be sure that your hair and scalp are dry. Using the dropper or spray pump that's provided with the over-the-counter solution, apply it twice daily to every area where your hair is thinning. Gently massage it into the scalp with your fingers so it can reach the hair follicles. Then air-dry your hair, wash your hands thoroughly, and wash off any solution that has dripped onto your forehead or face. Don't shampoo for at least four hours afterwards.                                                                                                                  

Some women find that the minoxidil solution leaves a deposit that dries and irritates their scalp. This irritation (contact dermatitis) is caused by the alcohol that is included to facilitate drying.

Cosmetic Hair Enhancement

Hair fibres (Toppik) hair building fibres create thicker, fuller looking hair instantly, made from keratin fibres, just like each of your natural hairs they attach to your hair to cover areas of thin or thinning hair.

Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP) is an advanced cosmetic/aesthetic procedure in which natural organic pigments are applied to the epidermal level of the scalp via specialist micro needles, replicating the appearance of hundreds or thousands of hair follicles/strands - gradually reducing the amount of visible scalp seen through the hair.                                                                                                                           The procedure usually takes place over 3 sessions (each lasting approximately 3 – 4 hours) resulting in a gradual build up of hair density and a natural recreation of the hairline. During the initial consultation, our expert technician will discuss the various implications of SMP.

Hair Pieces - clip in ultra-realistic hair that fixes to your own hair, creating a seamless illusion of thicker/fuller hair, designed and made here at Elan clinic.

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